Locomotive Workshop - Insein

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History of Locomotive Workshop (Insein)

Locomotive workshop (Insein) is the first built locomotive workshop in (1875) in history of Myanma Railways. The location is in Insein Township, Yangon Region and has a total area of (23.1) acre. The area becomes (26.78) acre as oxygen gas shop have been expanded.

  1. At first, the workshop had only five shops including Foundry shop, Machine shop, Millwright shop, Blacksmith shop, Fitting shop but there are ten shops established during 1928 to 1930. In World War II, some infrastructure and equipment were destroyed by bombs. After the war, “SinMaLar” project was planned in India during rehabilitation period to supplement necessary machinery equipment and rebuilt the workshop including (11) shops with (1600) labors in 1945.
  2. Locomotive spare parts used before War was ordered from Britain. Since post-war period, spare parts for steam locomotives have been manufactured up to (2000) items and only essential spare parts have been ordered from Britain.
  3. Myanma Railways processed transportation works with (365) steam locomotive in pre-war era and will continue the works of refurbishing and manufacturing steam locomotive and carriages in future. As Myitnge workshop was built in 1911, repairing and construction of carriages were moved and processed there. (297) steam locomotives were used in 1958.
  4. Six diesel locomotives were purchased from French company in (1958) in order to process effective and fast transportation, to save the cost of fuel for steam locomotives, and to replace the expired ones. Those diesel locomotives were started operating in Yangon-Mandalay Line from 4.1.1958.
  5. As new diesel locomotives were purchased and supplemented to replace the old ones, MR owns (262) electronic diesel locomotives, (136) diesel hydraulic locomotives, altogether (399) locomotives nowadays.


  1. In Insein locomotive workshop, (19) sections are comprised of according to the nature of work.

(1) Sections in Main Building

  1. Equipment shop
  2. Machine shop
  3. Fitting and Bogie shop
  4. Blacksmith shop
  5. Boiler and welding shop
  6. Auxiliary shop
  7. Diesel assembly shop
  8. Internal Combustion Engine shop
  9.  Traction Motor shop
  10.  Engine shop
  11. Diesel parts manufacturing shop
  12.  New extension diesel assembly shop
  13. Shops in separate building
  14. General Manager office and Time office
  15. Foundry shop
  16. Millwright shop
  17. Tin and Copper shop
  18. Store office
  19. Testing and inspection shop
  20.  Electric power shop

Duties and Responsibilities of General Manager (Mechanical & Electrical Engineering)

  1. Accountability of the whole department to Managing Director of MR
  2. Carrying out short and long term projects of Locomotives, carriages, freight trains workshops from mechanical section 
  3. Procurement and construction of locomotives, carriages, freight trains and spare parts
  4. Drawing designs related to locomotives, carriages, freight trains and producing spare parts
  5. Accountability of financial statements, foreign grants, and foreign financial cooperation’s loans related to Mechanical & Electrical Engineering department
  6. Executing promotion, transferring and penalty of officers from Mechanical section and decisions from MR Executive’s Committee and of Managing Director as required
  7. Executing the misuse case of DGM (workshops) and DGM (carriage, locomotive, electric, Mechanical & Operating sections), and supervising them and giving out instructions for them
  8. Responsible for announcing guidelines, plans, instructions concerned with Mechanical section
  9. Taking in MR EC meetings and attending departmental meetings
  10. Executing the allocating of staff for mechanical section according to policy
  11. Executing the tasks assigned by upper authorities
  12. Executing other tasks assigned from time to time
  13. Submission suggestions about M&E department’s technical, qualification and specifications works to Ministry and MD, and analyzing and identifying correctly and accountable for it
  14. Allocating tasks to DGM for operating locomotives and carriages safely, cleanliness and in good condition, freeing from engine defects, and supervising the jobs of chief engineers and locomotive, repairing shops
  15. Assigning and supervising DGM (electrical) to supply electricity and prevent fire outbreak for MR workshops, offices, stations and housing
  16. Managing trainings for staff and capacity building
  17. Assigning DGM (Mechanical & Operating) to give systematic training to running staff, to comply the rules and regulations of operating section
  18. Building and researching Design, Research & Development.
  19. Supervising the engine drivers from mechanical and operating section, allocating the loco oils and prevent wasting
  20. Supervising to comply with the departmental orders of MD from time to time